Do You Know the 4 Common Hernia Types?

Feb 15, 2023

Have you ever suffered from a hernia? It occurs when a piece of tissue protrudes or bulges through an area in one’s body, which is usually a weak point in the abdominal wall of a person. There are many types of hernias. While some hernia types lead to a few symptoms, others are considered medical emergencies. In this blog, we’ll discuss some common types of hernias; continue reading to find out.

Different Types of Hernias

Hernia can occur in different regions of our body. Some common types of hernias include:

1. Epigastric Hernia

The epigastric region of our abdomen is located above the belly button and underneath the rib cage. Sometimes, the fat tissue pushes through the abdomen due to the gap between abdominal muscles. Consequently, the affected person experiences an abdominal hernia known as an epigastric hernia. Some newborns are born with this condition. Moreover, muscle weakness and straining can develop an epigastric hernia in adults.

If you’re suffering from this condition, you might feel pressure on your abdominal wall upon coughing or laughing. Furthermore, you’ll feel tightness or pressure when you bear down during bowel movements as well.

Usually, epigastric hernias are minor, with no major symptoms. Therefore, you may not need surgery for this type of hernia.

2. Hiatal Hernia

Hiatal hernia is among the most common types of hernias. When the stomach bulges through a weak point in the diaphragm, a hiatal hernia occurs. Since this muscle is significant in breathing and separating the lungs from the abdominal organs, a hernia can cause a lot of discomforts. GERD and heartburn are included in the symptoms of hiatal hernia.

Depending on the location, hiatal hernias are classified into types, ranging from type I to type IV. It is more common if you are:

  • An older adult or over 50
  • Pregnant
  • Overweight

The treatment for hiatal hernia depends on your condition. In minor cases, you might require hiatal hernias, whereas surgery is needed if your condition is severe.

3. Incisional Hernia

An incisional hernia could occur following a stomach surgery involving an incision down the middle. The affected individual will be prone to developing a hernia if the wound does not heal completely.

Doctors often interchange the terms ventral hernia and incisional hernia. A ventral hernia is used for any hernia along the midline of the stomach; nevertheless, not all ventral hernias are included in incisional hernias.

For smaller hernia, the healthcare provider might wait and see how to treat it. However, larger incisional hernias would require surgery.

4. Inguinal Hernia

Inguinal hernia is a common condition where a portion of fat or intestine protrudes from the lower stomach wall. The bulge due to an inguinal hernia usually passes the inguinal canal, which is close to the groin area.

Portions of the small intestine or parts of female reproductive organs are usually present in an inguinal hernia. Most of the time, surgery is used to treat an inguinal hernia. If left untreated, it can lead to dire consequences, even death.

What Should I Do?

In conclusion, there are many types of hernias that can occur. From hiatal to inguinal, we can offer hernia treatment for your issues. Visit our experts at Nova Bariatrics for improved health. Dial (469) 639-0953 to talk to us now.

Dr. Mustafa H. Alibhai

Dr. Alibhai, a board-certified general surgeon, passionately leads Nova Bariatrics and General Surgery. Formerly an Assistant Professor at McGovern Medical School, he’s a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons and the American Society of Metabolic and Bariatric Surgeons. His academic journey includes a Bachelor’s from Southern Methodist University, Medical School at UT Southwestern, and residencies at UT Southwestern. Specializing further, he completed Bariatric and Robotic Fellowships, advancing surgical techniques with a focus on patient well-being.



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