Cholecystectomy (Gallbladder Removal)
There are several reasons why someone might need a cholecystectomy. The most common reason is the presence of gallstones, which are small, hard stones that can form in the gallbladder. Gallstones can cause abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting and can also block the bile ducts, leading to serious complications. Other reasons for cholecystectomy include:
- Inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis).
- Cancer of the gallbladder.
- Certain inherited conditions that increase the risk of gallstones.
What To Expect Before The Procedure
After small incisions are made, a long, thin tube with a light and a camera is inserted through one of them, allowing the surgeon to view the inside of the abdomen and manipulate the other instruments. With the help of these laparoscopic instruments, the gallbladder is separated from the liver, bile ducts, and other close organs. Once the gallbladder is set apart, it is removed through one of the incisions.
It is important to note that traditional (open) cholecystectomy is typically performed only when other, less invasive techniques, such as laparoscopic cholecystectomy, are not possible or unsuitable for the patient.